By bereniceh
In Duration ~ 3 min

The different types of wine

There are many different types of wine to suit all tastes from colour to ageing, there are many types of wine but first of all what is the difference between a type and a style of wine?

Types and styles of wine

By type of wine we mean the nature of the wine such as its colour, sugar content, presence or absence of carbon dioxide.

Each French region is catalogued as producing wines of a different style:

-> Beaujolais wines are rather light and fruity

-> Cahors wines are tannic and austere

These characteristics serve as a benchmark for the consumer but they are not exact, each region tends to extend the range of its wines even if the geographical data impose limits on them.

Grape variety

The grape variety designates a variety of grapes that have their own characteristics. However, a grape variety will express itself differently in different environments. The environment plays an essential role in this, such as the climate, the type of soil, etc., as does the winegrower, who can exacerbate or moderate the expressions of a given grape variety by the choice of his actions in his vineyard.

The colour of wines

The colour of the wine is one of the elements commented on during a tasting by both professionals and amateurs. In the Middle Ages, clarity and paleness were signs of quality. The fashion for rosé and then red wines came later. If there are three types of colour, the gradations are infinite and allow us to draw information on the nature and condition of the wine.

There are therefore three main types of wine that we all know: rosé, white and red. If the white grape only produces white wines, the black grape and the red grape can produce all three colours. The gradations will therefore correspond to the different stages of a process called maceration. Here are the characteristics of these different types of wines:

  • White wines will have little or no tannin. If they are fruity, the aromas will evoke white and yellow fruits but also a whole range of floral and mineral aromas.
  • Rosé wines have little or no tannin, their aromas are rather discreet at the crossroads between whites and reds.
  • Red wines can vary from not very tannic to very tannic, with fruity types of aromas rather in the register of red and black fruits.

We directly associate types of aromas with each colour of wine, but experiments show that the cues are confused when we do not see the colour of the wine. The colour induces certain aromas, but it also suggests others.

But to enjoy a good wine, you have to know how to serve it to get all the flavours.

Serving your wine

To get all the flavours of a good wine, you need to know all the steps.

  1. First of all, you need to decant your wine to bring out all the aromas.
  2. Then, you have to match the wine with what you are going to taste to savour all the flavours as well as the flavours of your dish.
  3. You will also have to choose the right glass because it is extremely important for the release of the aromas, you will find our collection of adapted glass on the bow table.
  4. And finally, you need to serve your wine at the right temperature as each type of wine has its own specific temperature.

You can find all these tips on our blog post: How to serve your wine properly?